Equipment

Main equipment includes the following

Pilot Plant Units

1. Riser based continuous circulating fluid bed pilot plant unit for catalytic cracking of liquid feeds (FCC)

fcc

A schematic diagram of the fully automated fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) pilot plant is shown in figure 1. Preheated gas oil feed flows in the bottom of a riser, where it is mixed with hot regenerated catalyst. In the riser (9 meters long) the reactions take place and at the riser exit the mixture flows into the stripper vessel where the separation of gases from the solid catalysts occurs. The solids flow through the spent catalyst lift line and they return to the reactor bottom following regeneration.

 

cdu diagram

 

 

 

The reaction products, from the stripper exit, flow through a heat exchanger and then after their temperature is reduced to 20°C in order to condense the heavier products. Then the mixture is led to a stabilizer column for better separation of liquid and gaseous products. The specifications of CPERI pilot plant are: max feed rate=40 g/min, C/O range=3-30, riser temperature=till 650°C, regenerator temperature=till 730°C, catalyst inventory=4 kg.

2. Riser based continuous circulating fluid bed pilot plant unit for catalytic pyrolysis of solid feeds like biomass, plastics etc. (BIOCAT)

The unit works in a fully catalyst circulation mode with continuous catalyst regeneration. The solid feed (biomass, lignin, plastics etc.) is introduced with a screw feeder in a specially designed mixing zone, where the solid heat carrier (coming from the regenerator) mixes with the biomass feed. The unit can process up to 15 gr/min of biomass and can circulate up to 300 gr/min of solid. The reactions continue in a 6 meters riser and then the catalyst and product vapors are separated in the striper. The catalyst is transferred to the fluid bed regenerator through a transfer line. The pilot unit contains a full vapor condensation system for the collection of the produced liquids (biooil etc.).

3. Pilot cyclic deactivation unit for catalyst deactivation studies (L-CDU)

The CPERI pilot scale Cyclic Deactivation unit (CDU) is fully computerized (automated) and simulates satisfactory the E-cats by depositing metals on FCC catalysts, while performing an accelerated deactivation method. The CDU consists of a metallic reactor with fluid bed configuration and 5 kg capacity in a three-zone furnace, the feeding system for gases (N2 and air) and liquids (VGO spiked with the appropriate amount of contaminant metals as feed for cracking and water for the steaming) and the products collection system. The method mimics the FCC catalyst deactivation through repeated cycles consisting of: cracking, stripping, regeneration and steaming. LEFH implements a specific protocol where the complete CDU run consists of 14 cycles, of which each cycle follows a cracking, a stripping, regeneration and a steaming step.

4. Pilot steamer unit for catalyst hydrothermal deactivation studies (L-Steamer)

One fully automated pilot scale steamer is available in LEFH for fresh FCC catalyst deactivation. Except for steaming the unit can be used and as calcination unit for the evaluation of equilibrium FCC catalysts. The unit consists of a quartz fluid bed reactor heated by a 3-zone furnace. Temperature control is achieved with measurements from thermocouple in the catalyst bed. The pilot scale steamer holds an inventory of 6 kg. A flexible protocol is applied with varied duration and temperatures.

5. Pilot cyclic propylene steaming unit for catalyst deactivation studies (L-CPS)

One fully automated pilot scale CPS unit is available in LEFH for fresh FCC catalyst deactivation in the presence of metals. The pilot scale unit consists of a metallic fluid bed reactor, which is heated by a 3-zone furnace. Temperature control is achieved with measurements from thermocouple in the catalyst bed. The pilot scale CPS holds an inventory of 5 kg. Before the aging of the catalyst in the CPS reactor, metals (Ni, V, Ca, Mg, K etc) are deposited on the catalyst by wet-impregnation. In the CPS reactors the aging of the metals is performed by applying specific ReDOx protocols in the presence of steam (50%) at elevated temperatures.

6. Two stage high pressure hydrogen processing pilot plant for liquid feeds (HDS-1)
hds1The unit process specifications are reported in table 1. The unit consists of the following modules:
i) Reactor module: The unit includes of two reactors operating in series and heated with a radiation split-type furnace. Both reactors can be used in series for up and down flow. Reactor volume is 265 cc and they can operate till temperature of 550°C and pressure of 150 bar.
ii) Gas delivery modules: This part of the system contains three (3) independent gas feed modules (H2, N2, H2/H2S) with all necessary equipment.
iii) Liquid delivery module: Oil is contained in a nitrogen-blanketed vessel, which is situated on a weigh scale. This feed vessel is provided with electrical heating that is under automatic temperature control by the computer. A sample of the product at the separator outlet can be taken via a pneumatic actuated three-way valve.
iv) Gas outlet module:  Initial part of this module is the pressure control section, which maintains the required reactor pressure. Pressure control section, are heat traced and insulated. The outlet vent is connected to a wet test meter to measure the outlet flow of the system.
v) Separation and liquid outlet module: A pipe in pipe cooler cools the reactor outlet product. The separator has a narrow electrically heated liquid-part and wide water cooled gas-part. Product is collected in a heated vessel, which is located on a weigh scale.
7. Two stage high pressure hydrogen processing pilot plant for catalytic transformation of sugar liquids (BIOECON-1)

The unit includes of two reactors operating in series and heated with extremal heating bath. The gas delivery module contains two independent gas feed modules (H2, N2) with all necessary equipment. The sugar solution is contained in a vessel, which is situated on a weigh scale. The unit contains a special designed separator while the product is collected in a vessel, which is located on a weigh scale. The unit can work till pressure of 140 bar and T=350°C

8. Pilot scale distillation unit (HyDis)

vb01

The HyDis is a vacuum distillation unit with 40 L capacity operating at 10mbar pressure. The unit operation is a fully-automated batch unit that is employed for but not limited to:

  •  Separation of petroleum fractions
  •  Separation of bio-components
  •  Pilot production/separation demonstration of final products of other processes (hydrotreatment, cracking etc.)

 

 

Bench Scale Units

1. Short contact time microactivity unit (SCT-MAT)

sctmat

The SCT-MAT reactor is made by Pyrex glass and it is heated by a three-zone furnace. The unit operates typically at 560°C with a run time of 12s. Preheated feed at 60°C is injected into the reactor through an oil capillary heated only by the oven. For this injection a special motor pump is used. The reactor consists of an annular bed where the catalyst is diluted with inert glass beads. The vapor products of the cracking are cooled to 0°C at the reactor exit where part of them are condensed and collected in a specially designed high volume liquid receiver. The remaining not condensed gaseous products are led to gas collection system and are collected by water displacement. Following the oil injection, N2 flows into the reactor in order to drive the products along the reactor. The conversion of the liquid products is determined by a Simulated Distillation Analyzer. The gaseous products are analyzed at a Refinery Gas Analyzer. The gasoline produced is analyzed by a DHA analyzer. The weight of coke, deposited on the catalyst, is measured by an Elemental Analyzer.

 

sctmat diagram

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Single receiver short contact time microactivity unit (SR-SCT-MAT)

The SR-SCT-MAT unit operates typically at 560°C with a run time of 12s and consists of the following main modules: the feed, the reactor and the product collection one. Constant quantity of feed along with a layer of N2 above it, preheated at 80°C is injected into a metallic reactor, with a special motor pump through oil capillary. The feed mass is constant. The computer controls the pumping speed and time. The layer of N2 is used in order to prevent feed losses due to backpressure. The SR-SCT-MAT metallic reactor is heated by a three-zone furnace and consists of an annular bed where the catalyst is diluted with inert glass beads. Following the oil injection, N2 flows into the reactor in order to drive the products along the reactor. At the reactor exit, a specially designed quartz single receiver is connected. The vapour and liquid products of the cracking reaction are collected both in that single receiver which is placed into a liquid bath set at 18°C. The gaseous products are analyzed at a Refinery Gas Analyzer. Moreover, a Simulated Distillation Analyzer measures the conversion of liquid products. The gasoline produced is analysed by a DHA Analyzer. The amount of coke, deposited on the catalyst, is measured by an Elemental Analyzer.

3. Advance catalytic evaluation unit (ACE)

analytic

The ACE Model R+ unit is available in LEFH. The unit is capable of using various feedstocks with a wide range of properties and different catalyst types to perform cracking reactions at various experimental conditions (injector lengths, cracking and regeneration temperatures, stripping conditions).

The ACE-Model R+ uses a catalyst addition and withdrawal system which moves catalyst into and out of the ACE reactor automatically. Dry catalyst samples of known mass are placed into the six (6) catalyst feed hoppers. The reactor is placed into a three zone furnace and heated to the desired cracking temperature. Injectors of different lengths can be adapted into the metal reactor in proportion to the case study. Cracking feedstock, nitrogen and air are each fed to the unit from independent systems. The feedstock is drawn from a heated oil vessel and supplied by a syringe pump which is calibrated to supply the oil at the desirable volumetric or mass rate. The liquid products of the reaction are collected in six (6) receivers placed in a bath. After the experiment is completed the liquid crackates are collected and weighed. Their composition is determined offline by a Simulated Distillation Analyzer. The gaseous hydrocarbons are collected through water displacement in a gas collector vessel and their concentration is measured on line through a Refinery Gas Analyzer. The gasoline produced is analysed by a DHA Analyzer. During in situ regeneration of the catalyst, reactor effluent gases pass through a catalytic converter which oxidizes any CO and hydrocarbons to CO2 and H2O. The CO2 containing gases are diverted through a mass flow meter and Infrared CO2 Analyzer, which is used to calculate the amount of carbon deposited on the catalyst.

4. Short contact time resid unit for catalyst evaluation (SCT-RT)

The SCTRT is a semi-adiabatic fluidized bed unit. The yield selectivities of FCC catalysts at this unit can be measured at a catalyst contact time of 1 second. Adiabatic behavior of commercial units is simulated by injecting preheated feed (typically 85°C) into a high temperature fluidizing catalyst bed, comparable with commercial regeneration temperature. Due to evaporation and cracking reactions, a reaction temperature profile is achieved which is comparable to commercial operations. The reactor design provides optimal mixing and cracking at very short and realistic contact times, followed by fast disengagement of the cracked products and stripping of the catalyst with nitrogen. The stripping conditions can be adjusted to mimic a specific commercial operation. During the performance measurement the liquid product is condensed and collected in a product receiver with a cold trap, the cracking gases and nitrogen are collected in a gas collection bottle over water. The liquid and cracking gases are analyzed according gas chromatographic methods. Spent catalyst is analyzed in a coke analyzer for coke determination.

5. Continuous cyclic deactivation unit for catalyst deactivation studies (S-CDU)

cdu

The CPERI Cyclic Deactivation unit (CDU), designed by Xytel, is fully computerized (automated) and simulates satisfactory the E-cats by depositing metals on FCC catalysts, while performing an accelerated deactivation method. The unit utilizes a metallic reactor with fluid bed configuration and capacity of 150- 200 g of catalyst. The CDU mimics the FCC catalyst deactivation via repeated cycles consisting of: cracking of VGO spiked with the appropriate amount of contaminant metals, stripping and regeneration in the presence of 50% steam. The steam is generated in a heated line prior to entering the reactor. LEFH follows a flexible protocol where the complete CDU run consists of 54 or 51 cycles, of which each cycle follows a cracking, a stripping and a regeneration step.

 

6. Steamer unit for catalyst hydrothermal deactivation studies (S-Steamer)

A bench scale steamer unit is available in LEFH for fresh FCC catalyst deactivation. Except for steaming the unit can be used and as calcination units for the evaluation of equilibrium FCC catalysts. The unit consists of a quartz fluid bed reactor heated by a 3-zone furnace. Temperature control is achieved with measurements from thermocouple in the catalyst bed. The units are fully automated and steaming or calcination can be terminated after a desired period of time.

7. Fixed and Fluid Bed Reactor unit for DeNOx and DeSOx Studies (DeNOx/DeSOx)

vb01

The reaction unit consists of the feed gas system, a fixed- and a fluidized-bed reactor, two three-zone furnaces controlled by PID controllers, one for each type of reactor and the gas analysis system. The fixed- and fluidized-bed reactors are connected in series and can be bypassed by the feed. In the fixed-bed experiments the flow rate of the inlet gas was 500 ml/min and the reactor loading was 2 g. In the fluidized-bed experiments the flow rate of the inlet gas was 1000 ml/min and the reactor loading was 10 g. Samples from the exit gas stream were analyzed to identify the gas products during regeneration using series of gas analyzers. Specific protocols are implemented for DeNOx and DeSOx catalytic additives evaluation. For the DeNOx a spent catalyst is utilized as base case and the amount of NOx emissions are monitored during the regeneration of the catalyst. The additives are then blended with the base spent catalyst and the emissions are revealing the effectiveness of the additives. For the DeSOx additives the adsorption of SO2 is monitored for their activity assessment, while their stability is revealed through repeated cycles of adsorption and regeneration.

8. Cyclic propylene steaming unit for catalyst deactivation studies (S-CPS)

A bench scale Cyclic Propylene Steaming (CPS) deactivation unit is available in LEFH for FCC catalyst deactivation. The unit is fully automated and consists of a quartzl fluid bed reactor heated by a 3-zone furnace. Temperature control is achieved with measurements from thermocouple in the catalyst bed. The CPS unit accepts about 150 g of FCC catalyst. Metals are deposited on the catalysts following a standard wet impregnation method. Then the catalyst is loaded in the CPS unit for the deactivation. Several protocols can be applied in the unit using alternate oxidation-reduction cycles. The oxidation takes place with a mixture of air while the reduction with a mixture of propylene. Steam is always added in the unit for all cycles.

9. Small-pilot scale hydroprocessing unit VB01

vb01

The VB01 unit is a small-pilot scale hydroprocessing unit with capacity 10-180ml/hr. This fully-automatic continuous-flow unit allows testing at a wide range of operating parameters (max 150bar and max 450οC), corresponding to the operating window of most industrial-sale hydroprocessing units. VB01 consists of three main systems; a) a dual liquid- and dual gas-feed system (allowing single feed hydroprocessing or dual feed co-hydroprocessing tests), b) an reaction system with six independent heating zones and c) a separator system. The liquid product can be sampled at multiple intervals while the gaseous product is analyzed off-line, allowing accurate mass balance and H2 consumption calculations.

The VB01 hydroprocessing pilot plant has several applications including:

  •  Evaluation of hydrotreating/ hydrocracking/ hydroisomerization catalyst activity/aging
  •  Determination of HDS, HDN, HDO and HDC kinetics and activity
  •  Assessment of new/alternative feedstocks (oils, biomass / elastic / plastic / pyrolysis bio-oils, oils derived from microalgae, Fischer-Tropsch waxes etc)
  •  Upgrading liquid biomass (lipids, pyrolysis biooil, plastics pyrolysis oils, microalgal oil etc)
  •  Co-hydroprocessing fossil- & bio-based feedstocks (hybrid fuels)
10. High pressure fixed bed reactor unit for liquid and gaseous feeds (OPTFUELS)

This high pressure bench scale unit of LEFH is a versatile unit for the evaluation of the activity and selectivity of solid catalytic materials in different high pressure reactions. The unit is equipped with a feed inflow system able to supply both gases and liquid feeds. The unit operates with a stainless steel fixed bed reactor, externally heated with a three-zone furnace. The exit stream of the reactor can be either cooled via a heat exchanger and directed to a system of vessels for the separation and collection of the liquid and gaseous products or directed via a heated line to an online GC with both an FID and TCD detector able to analyze hydrocarbons and alcohols. The test facility can operate to a temperature range up to 600°C and pressures up to 100 atm.

The small scale of the unit renders it ideal for the development and investigation of heterogeneous catalysts for high pressure reactions, as well as the performance of kinetic measurements. It can be used for the determination of different variables for research on catalyst improvement, such as reaction temperature, pressure, feed flow etc., catalyst screening, activity and selectivity testing, testing of catalyst lifetime etc. Typical reactions that can be performed in the high pressure test facility are hydrogenation, oxidation and hydrotreating reactions.

11. High throughput unit for catalyst screening studies (HIGHTHROU)

A high-throughput unit, capable for conducting catalyst screening and process optimization studies on liquid hydrogenation reactions, was recently acquired by LEFH. The unit consists of four parallel 35 ml volume fixed-bed reactors in up flow configuration. The feed inflow system consists of four high precision liquid pumps and a mass flow controller for the feeding of reactive or carrier gas. The test facility can operate to a temperature range up to 250°C and pressures up to 150 atm.

12. Continuous biomass catalytic pyrolysis unit for in-situ and ex-situ operation (BIOCDU)

This is a fully automated continuous biomass pyrolysis unit for full mass balance and flexibility for running different catalyst to biomass ratios. It consists of 2 fluid bed reactors (R1 and R2) connected in series. Thus, the exit vapors of R1 are introduced as feed in R2 reactor. For in-situ pyrolysis mode the R2 is by-passed and an inert or a catalytic material is used in R1. For ex-situ mode an inert material is added to R1 and the catalytic material to R2. The biomass was inserted into the R1 through a suitable biomass feed system at a feed rate equal to 5 g/min. At the same time N2 was inserted at the bottom of the fluid bed reactor for fluidization. At the exit of R2 there is a system of heat exchangers for the recovery of the produced bio-oil. The non-condensable gases are measured with a GC-FID and with on line analyzers. The unit offers flexibility for catalyst regeneration in both reactors. During regeneration the total solid product (char+coke) was measured by replacing the nitrogen in the bed with air and after increasing the bed temperature to 650°C.

13. Semi-continuous biomass pyrolysis Unit (S-BIOCAT)

This unit is used for biomass (or other solids like plastics etc.) pyrolysis and catalytic pyrolysis studies when very small amounts of feeds and catalysts are available. It consists of a specially designed piston system used to introduce the biomass feedstock into a tubular reactor made of stainless steel 316 and heated by a 3-zone furnace followed by a pre-weighted glass receiver emerged in a liquid bath used to condense the liquid products. Gas products are collected and analysed via GC-FID/TCD and char and catalytic coke are recovered from the reactor. This small scale unit is focused on screening different catalysts, feedstocks and process conditions in an easy, accurate and fast manner. It only requires small amounts of catalyst and feedstock depending on the process conditions but allows for the extraction of mass balances and evaluation of the quality of the produced bio-oil.

 

14. Biomass slow pyrolysis Unit for activated carbon production (ACTIV)

This unit consists of a fixed bed reactor. It is used for biomass slow pyrolysis studies toward the production of char. In a second step further activation of the char can take place for production of activated carbons with very high surface reas. The unit can apply chemical and physical activation on the char and it is able to produce up to 50 gr of activated carbon per test.

15. Batch autoclave reactors (AUTOCLAVES)

sbiocat

LEFH has a series of high pressure medium temperature autoclave reactors of different sizes. More specifically, there are two autoclave reactors of 450 and 975 ml made from Hastelloy C-276. Maximum pressures and temperatures are 200 bar and 350oC respectively. Each reactor has a stirrer, a cooling coil, a catalyst basket and a catalyst addition device and they both have the capability of receiving a sample from the gas or liquid phase during reaction. Each reactor has a dedicated reactor controller that allows for accurate control and monitoring of all process parameters. The autoclave reactors have the capability of investigating different types of processes such as: i) liquids biofuels upgrading via HDO reactions, ii) liquid phase reactions involving heterogeneous catalytic conversion of sugars dissolved in aqueous and organic solvent systems towards value added chemicals and fuels, iii) biomass fractionation reactions for complete separation of hemicelluloses, lignins and celluloses by different techniques.

16. Attrition resistance assessment unit (DI)

The unit consists of a metallic cyclone where a filter is adjusted at the outlet and a specially designed jet-cup is attached at the inlet. In the unit the Davison index protocol is applied where the catalytic sample is placed in the jet cup and humidified air is passed through the sample for 1 hour. The fine particles are collected at the outlet filter, while the rest sample is collected in the jet cup. The proportion of the fine particles after the treatment is used for the calculation of the Davison Index which is increasing for less resistant to attrition samples.

Analytical Facilities for Fuels - Biofuels Characterization

Fully equipped laboratory for characterization of fuels - biofuels

ANALYTICAL EQUIPMENT AND METHODS

Accurate and precise analyses provide the cornerstone for successful research studies. LEFH possess a modern fully equipped laboratory (run under a Laboratory Information Management System, LIMS), which employs ASTM methodologies and is capable of performing a total of 55 different analyses.

LEFH's analytical services have been certified and approved by Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance to conform to the BC EN ISO 9001 quality management system standard and ISO 17025 quality policy, with respect to the provision of laboratory inspection services related to fuel content and solid characterization.
The laboratory is regularly audited as per ISO requirements.

 

 

 

                                                  ADVANCED EQUIPMENT

2DGC-TOFMS (Pegasus 4D by Leco instruments)
GC-MS
GC-FID (for polar compounds)
FTIR
Sugar analysis with Ion Chromatography (qualitative and quantitative analysis with ICS-5000 by Dionex)
HPLC
XRF

 

STANDART EQUIPMENT ANALYTICAL METHODS

 

Description of analysis
  Method analysis
Type of Instrument
Qualitative analysis of organic compounds by GC/MS
  --
Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Quantitative analysis of hydrocarbons (parafins, aromatics, etc.) by GC/MS.
  --
Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Determination of Benzene content of Gasoline by GC/MS
  ASTM D 5769/98
Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Determination of oxygenates in Gasoline by GC/MS
  --
Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Qualitative analysis of biomass compounds by GC/MS Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Determination of phenols compounds by GC/MS Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Determination of terpens in Essential Oils by GC/MS Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II MS ENGINE 5989
Hydrocarbon Type Analysis in Naphtha (PIONA analysis) and Calculation of RON by GC
  ASTM D 5134
Hewlett-Packard GC 5880A
Determination of Hydrocarbons in Naphtha by GC
  ASTM D 5134
Hewlett-Packard GC 5880A
Hydrocarbon Type Analysis in Gasoline fractions of Petroleum (PIONA analysis) and Calculation of RON by GC
  ASTM D 5134
Hewlett-Packard GC 5880A
Determination of Hydrocarbons in Gasoline fractions of Petroleum by GC
  ASTM D 5134
Hewlett-Packard GC 5880A
Quantitative analysis of flue gases (CO2, CO, O2 ) by GC. Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II
Quantitative analysis of gases (H2, N2, O2) by GC Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II
Quantitative analysis of light hydrocarbons (CH4 - C6 ) by GC
  --
Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II
Boiling Range Distribution of Gasoline by GC
  ASTM D 3710
Varian 3400, Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II
Boiling Range Distribution of Petroleum Fractions by GC
  ASTM D 2887
Varian 3400, Hewlett-Packard GC 5890 series II
Determination of Ethanol in Aqueous Solutions by Headspace/GCMS Hewlett-Packard Headspace Inj7694 GC 5890 series IIMS ENGINE 5989
Sulphur Compounds in Light Petroleum Liquids by GC/SCD
  ASTM D 5623
Hewlett-Packard GC 6890 plusSievers 355
Sulphur Compounds in Gasoline Range of Petroleum Liquids by GC/SCD
  ASTM D 5623
Hewlett-Packard GC 6890 plusSievers 355
Paraffin, Naphthene and Aromatic Hydrocarbon Type Analysis (PNA, PIONA, PIANO, PONA) in Petroleum Distillates through 200oC by multi-GC
  ASTM D 5443
Analytical Controls PIONA/PREF
Simulate Distillation of Petroleum Fractions by GC
  ASTM D 2887
AC SimDis
Distillation of Petroleum products at atmospheric pressure
  ASTM D 86
D86-ISL
Distillation of petroleum products at reduced pressure
  ASTM D 1160
D1160-ISL
Evaluation of crude oil by distillation
  ASTM D 2892
D2892-Petrotest
Determination of vapour pressure of petroleum products
  ASTM D 5191
CCA-VP-Grabner
Determination of density and specific gravity
  ASTM D 4052
DMA 48-PAAR
Determination of heat of combustion
  ASTM D 4809
1261PAAR
Determination of sulphur ( % w/w) in petroleum fractions
  ASTM D 4294
SLFA800 Horriba
Determination of sulphur ( % w/w) in petroleum fractions
  ASTM D 5453
ANTEK7000/9000
Determination of total nitrogen (%w/w)
  ASTM D 5762
ANTEK7000/9000
Determination of viscosity in petroleum products
  ASTM D 445
TV 2000 Petrotest
Determination of micro carbon residue in liquids and solids products
  ASTM D 4530
MCRT130-Petrotest
Determination of refractive index
  ASTM D 1218
ABBEBellingham & StanleyLTD
Determination of mercaptans
  ASTM D 3227
751 GPD TitrinoMetrohm
Determination of Bromine Index
  ASTM D1491
751 GPD TitrinoMetrohm
Determination of Bromine Number
  ASTM D1159
751 GPD TitrinoMetrohm
Quantitative determination of aromatics in Diesel
  IP 391/95
Hewlett-Packard 1100
Determination of flash point
  ASTM D 93
93 5G ISL
Determination of pour point
  ASTM D 97
CPP97-2 ISL
Determination of cloud point
  ASTM D 2500
CPP97-2 ISL
Determination of cold filter plugging point
  IP 309/83
CPP97-2 ISL
Determination of quinizarin in gasoline and diesel by UV
  State Ch. Lab.
Helios Unicam
Determination of furfural by UV
  pr EN 214
Helios Unicam
Elementary analysis by CHNS
  -
LECO 800/932
Colour Determination
  ASTM D 1500
Lovibond Seta Stanhope
Total Sediment
  ASTM D4870
Seta Stanhope
Oxidation Stability Of Gasoline
  ASTM D525
Seta Stanhope
Copper Corrosion
  ASTM D130
Seta Stanhope
Oxidation Stability of Diesel
  ASTM D2274
Seta Stanhope
Aniline Point
  ASTM D611
Seta Stanhope
Existent Gum
  ASTM D381
Seta Stanhope
Water & Sediment
  ASTM D1796
6K-15-Sigma
Cetane Number Calculated
  ASTM D976
-
Determination of aromatics and non-Aromatics fractions of High boiling point Oil fractions with Column Chromatography
  ASTM D 2549
-

 

Catalyst Characterization Facilities

Fully equipped laboratory for catalyst characterization
  • • N2 physisorption methods (BET, t-plot, PVD)
  • • XRD
  • • TPR/TPD/TPO
  • • ICP
  • • SEM microanalysis
  • • TEM
  • • TGA-MS
  • • FTIR for catalyst acidities
  • • Particle size analysis
  • • ABD
  • • Grinding/Sieving
  • • Attrition resistance
  • • ISO 9002/17025 and LIMS procedures

Contact Info

  • Dr Angelos Lappas
  •   6 km Harilaou - Thermis Thessaloniki, Greece, 57001
  •   +30-310-498305
  •   +30-310-498300
  •   +30-2310- 498380
  • angel@cperi.certh.gr

About LEFH

It is a catalytic reaction engineering lab that carries out applied research in the area of refining technologies, new conventional fuels, biofuels, new catalytic materials and in environmental catalytic processes like DeSOx, DeNOx from flue gases.

Services

Refining Process optimization
FCC catalyst and additives evaluation
Fuel quality control
Solids and catalysts characterization

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